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Equative Sentences

I know it's been a while.  If you don't know that the world has gotten crazy (regardless of your views of it), then you've been living under a rock and I kind of want to join you.  Hopefully things will now get back on track.

In the last post, I gave you some basic first words.  Numbers, colors, a few nouns and adjectives.  Today, we're going to make some first sentences using those words.

Equative sentences are also state of being sentences.  The house is big.  I am a doctor.  You are a moron.  Things of that nature.  When considering these sentences, we need to know a few things.  Rather than play the guessing game, I'll just give them to you:

  • Borelian adjectives come before their nouns.

Therefore, we get the following:

Enil zik
Small victory

Math dari
Big woman

  • States of being, as well as verb tenses, are circumfixed to the clause.

That sounds really complicated, but it can actually make studying a lot easier because it can help you identify the various parts of a sentence. (This would be like)(separating the parts of a sentence)(using parentheses.)  This can also help you later to construct your own sentences based on the models.

Shall we begin, then?

The present state of being is made using "o-o."  Consider the following:

O Morjảk wedo o.
Morjak is a man.

O Isthim in dari o.
Isthim is the woman.

Note that there is no lenition, even between vowels, and each one must be pronounced separately.

If a noun is the subject, it must take the definite article "in" regardless of its intended definiteness.  Therefore,

O in brid enil o.

may be interpreted as either "The city is small" or "A city is small."  However, if there is a number, "in" is not required.

O bri dari ves o.
(The) Five women are pink.

While most all other verbs are conjugated for person and number, the state of being typically remains the same (although there is an older conjugated form which is used in legal matters).  But for the common speaker, know that they usually remain the same.  So,

O Isthim ja Medik dari o.
Isthim and Medik are women.

O Selith ja Nici wedo o.
Selith and Nici are men.

O Simi ja Nolrem jenith o.
Simi and Nolrem are adults.

Remember that most nouns do not have a plural form.

If the clause is complete, the final circumfix remains "o" even if more comes after it.  If the clause is incomplete, it changes, but that will be covered in a future lesson.  So then we can have:

O Isthim ja Medik dari o ja o Selith ja Nici wedo o.
Isthim and Medik are women, and Selith and Nici are men.

In this instance, because both clauses are complete and they use the same circumfix, the middle particles become unnecessary and may be removed entirely.

O Isthim ja Medik dari ja Selith ja Nici wedo o.

Here are some more sentences to contemplate, with new words listed after. (Previously known words will now lose any diacritics.)

O Morjak ves tevak o.

O in emen jolin mith o.

O in ik zid tevak o.

O tev zulak enil o ja o tev zulak mith o.

O Stinabrid enil brid tản Brelix mith lith o.

O in jinti sidakvar batil o.

O in jolith sidakvar udo o.

tevak - Borelian who can only push one toxin
jolin - tree
zulak - book
tản - but
sidakvar batil - adjunct bitoxic, a Borelian who can push two toxins that are next to each other on the toxin spectrum
jolith - doctor
sidakvar udo - disjunct bitoxic, a Borelian who can push two toxins that are not next to each other on the toxin spectrum

There you have it, a primer on equative sentences.  Thanks and come again.

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